TABLE 2

Sample Characteristics According to Study Group

Intervention Group (N = 384), n (%)Control Group (N = 375), n (%)
Sociodemographic variables
    Child's age, y
        <199 (25.8)94 (25.0)
        1–2152 (39.6)165 (44.0)
        3–4106 (27.6)96 (25.6)
        527 (7.0)20 (5.3)
    Child's gender
        Male187 (48.7)196 (52.3)
        Female197 (51.3)179 (47.7)
    Mother's age, y
        14–1993 (25.3)76 (20.3)
        20–29203 (55.3)227 (60.7)
        >3071 (19.4)71 (18.9)
    Relationship to child
        Mother348 (90.6)339 (90.4)
        Father26 (6.8)22 (5.8)
        Other10 (2.6)14 (3.7)
    Marital status
        Married/coupled126 (33.1)104 (27.9)
        Other255 (66.9)268 (72.0)
    Ethnicity
        Black354 (92.2)353 (94.1)
        Other30 (7.8)22 (5.8)
    Education
        Less than high school35 (9.2)41 (11.1)
        High school288 (75.8)271 (73.2)
        More than high school57 (15.0)58 (15.7)
    Per capita income
        Less than $5000 per y228 (60.9)212 (66.5)
        At least $5000 per y146 (39.0)107 (33.5)
Moderator variables
    Reason for visit
        Injury105 (27.3)109 (29.1)
        Medical condition279 (72.7)266 (70.9)
    Parent anxiety score, mean ± SD34.94 ± 10.2534.96 ± 11.35