TABLE 4.

Mothers’ Macronutrient and Food Group Intake by Girls’ MVM User Status

MVM User (49)*Nonuser (87)P Value
Energy intake (kcal)1650.5 ± 394.51617.3 ± 383.0NS
Carbohydrate (% of total energy)54.3 ± 8.253.0 ± 8.5NS
Fat (% of total energy)30.9 ± 6.132.0 ± 7.1NS
Protein (% of total energy)15.4 ± 3.515.6 ± 3.4NS
Fiber (g)13.6 ± 4.614.1 ± 5.7NS
Vitamin A (% DRI)124.4 ± 97.7125.5 ± 79.8NS
Vitamin C (% DRI)101.6 ± 71.9102.9 ± 67.8NS
Riboflavin (% DRI)148.4 ± 47.9145.4 ± 49.2NS
Niacin (% DRI)133.0 ± 39.8135.2 ± 39.0NS
Calcium (% DRI)76.4 ± 33.068.3 ± 29.2NS
Iron (% DRI)74.1 ± 29.870.9 ± 26.1NS
Zinc (% DRI)106.1 ± 31.5108.2 ± 38.0NS
MAR0.85 ± 0.110.85 ± 0.10NS
Number of food groups which met recommendations1.7 ± 1.11.9 ± 1.4NS
Grain–number of servings5.6 ± 1.85.7 ± 2.0NS
Vegetables–number of servings2.3 ± 1.12.8 ± 1.5.02
Vegetables without fries/chips1.1 ± 0.91.4 ± 0.9NS
Fruits–number of servings1.5 ± 1.21.6 ± 1.3NS
Dairy–number of servings2.1 ± 1.22.0 ± 1.1NS
Meat–number of servings1.6 ± 0.71.7 ± 0.8NS
Fats and sweets–number of servings6.2 ± 3.15.7 ± 3.3NS
  • NS indicates nonsignificant.

  • * MVM user was defined in terms of use at 5 and 7 years old.

  • Dietary Reference Intakes.711

  • Based on USDA Food Guide Pyramid Recommendations.13.