TABLE 1

Mean (SD) Maternal and Child Characteristics

FTT-HI (N = 47)FTT-CO (N = 49)AG (N = 93)Overall P
Maternal characteristics at baseline
    Age, y23.6 (4.3)25.7 (6.9)24.7 (6.0)NS
    Education, y11.0 (1.6)10.5 (1.7)a11.6 (1.4)a<.001
    Marital Status, Single, n (%)42 (89.4)43 (87.8)86 (90.3)NS
    IQ81.48 (11.12)79.20 (11.64)81.30 (7.70)NS
    BMI26.99 (7.15)28.07 (6.51)29.45 (6.60)NS
    Height, m1.61 (0.08)1.64 (0.09)1.64 (0.07)NS
    Adults in household2.19 (1.06)2.08 (1.02)2.36 (1.07)NS
    Children in household3.53 (0.27)3.96 (1.44)3.89 (1.33)NS
    AFDC/medical assistance, n (%)34 (72.3)37 (75.5)73 (78.5)NS
    Negative affect, z scorec0.27 (1.30)0.34 (1.58)0.01 (1.05)NS
    HOME32.79 (6.05)31.16 (7.25)32.21 (5.27)NS
Child characteristics at baseline
    Gender, male, n (%)24 (51.1)33 (67.3)47 (50.5)NS
    Age, mo12.52 (5.79)b13.69 (7.20a18.46 (8.21)a,b<.001
    Weight-for-age, z score−2.08 (0.70)b−2.17 (0.57)a0.15 (1.22)a,b<.001
    Weight-for-length, z score−1.64 (0.64)b−1.43 (0.94)a0.26 (1.07)a,b<.001
    Length-for-age, z score−1.12 (1.22)b−1.56 (1.03)a0.01 (1,20)a,b<.001
    Bayley MDI95.26 (15.69)93.08 (13.83)98.54 (14.44)NS
    Bayley PDI91.87 (15.37)b95.08 (15.12)a103.10 (14.25)a,b<.0001
Maternal characteristics at age 8
    Age, y30.9 (4.1)32.5 (6.4)31.3 (5.8)NS
    Education, y11.4 (1.5)11.0 (1.8)a11.7 (1.5)a<.01
    Marital status, single, n (%)34 (72.3)42 (85.7)70 (75.3)NS
    Medical assistance, n (%)20 (42.6)28 (57.1)37 (39.8)NS
    Food stamps, n (%)29 (61.7)30 (61.2)48 (51.6)NS
    School lunch program, n (%)41 (87.2)38 (77.5)83 (89.2)NS
    Any public assistance, n (%)41 (87.2)44 (89.8)84 (90.3)NS
    Negative affect, z scorec0.29 (0.42)0.25 (0.31)0.31 (0.47)NS
Child characteristics at age 8
    Age, y8.1 (0.2)8.2 (0.4)8.1 (0.7)NS
    Height, cm125.13 (5.15)b124.70 (5.31)a130.62 (8.08)a,b<.001
    Weight, kg26.64 (7.72)b24.43 (4.63)a30.51 (7.49)a,b<.001
  • NS indicates not significant.

  • a,b Multivariate analysis of variance: differences between variables with the same superscript are significant using pairwise comparisons, P < .05.

  • c Brief Symptom Inventory.32