Table 2.

Bivariate and Multivariate Analyses of the Association Between Adolescents' Baseline Psychological Distress and High-Risk Sexual Behaviors and Attitudes at 6-Month Follow-Up (N = 468)

DistressedBivariate AnalysesMultivariate Analyses
Yes %No %Relative risk ratio*95% Confidence IntervalPAOR95% Confidence IntervalP
 Became pregnant11.36.41.851.0––4.0.04
High-risk sexual behaviors
 Unprotected vaginal sex26.617.31.51.0––3.5.008
 Had a nonmonogamous sex partner31.321.31.51.0––2.7.03
 No contraception use41.933.31.31.0––2.2.04
 High-risk relationship characteristics
 Fearful of partners' response to negotiating condom use41.626.31.61.2–2.0.00012.01.3–2.9.0001
 More perceived barriers to condom use61.–1.8.00012.21.5–3.2.0001
 Less perceived control in relationship60.743.91.41.2–1.7.00012.01.4–3.0.0001
 Perceives norms nonsupportive of having a healthy relationship58.–1.5.0061.71.2–2.4.006
 Experienced dating violence8.––5.5.04
 Lower self-efficacy to negotiate condom use with a new partner41.531.51.31.0––2.3.02
  • *  Adolesents with CES-D scores below the cutoff are the referent category for calculating the relative risk ratio.

  •  AOR = Odds ratio adjusted by parental monitoring, group assignment, and baseline scores.

  •  In the 6-month follow-up period.