TABLE 4

Reproductive and Sexual Health Outcomes Reported by PHIVYAs and PHEUYAs

Total (N = 248)PHIV (N = 151)PHEU (N = 97)Pa
N (%b)N (%b)N (%b)
Sex
 Ever had sex (oral, vaginal, and/or anal)222 (93)136 (93)86 (92).633
 Vaginal sex, past 3 mo152 (63)88 (60)64 (67).214
 Anal sex, past 3 mo28 (12)16 (11)12 (13).651
 Vaginal and/or anal sex, past 3 mo153 (62)89 (60)64 (67).274
 Condomless vaginal and/or anal sex, past 3 mo101 (41)56 (38)45 (47).149
 Sexualc partners, past 3 mo
  None66 (28)44 (30)22 (23).365
  Opposite-sex only144 (60)84 (58)60 (64)
  Same-sex only17 (7)12 (8)5 (5)
  Same- and opposite-sex partners13 (5)6 (4)7 (7)
Female responses
 Ever been pregnant53 (41)31 (39)22 (45).491
 Any pregnancy ending in live birth30 (23)20 (25)10 (20).549
 Any pregnancy ending in miscarriage20 (16)10 (13)10 (20).228
 Any pregnancy ending in abortion24 (19)11 (14)13 (27).070
 Currently pregnant3 (2)3 (4)0 (0).170d
 Currently living with child27 (20)18 (22)9 (18).609
Male responses
 Ever gotten someone pregnant43 (38)25 (37)18 (38).915
 Any pregnancy ending in live birth20 (18)16 (24)4 (9).034
 Any pregnancy ending in miscarriage13 (11)8 (12)5 (11).830
 Any pregnancy ending in abortion16 (14)7 (10)9 (19).188
 Mother currently pregnant4 (4)1 (2)3 (6).162d
 Currently living with child7 (6)7 (10)0 (0).023d
Methods of Birth Controle
 Male condom, ever189 (91)118 (92)71 (90).566
  Past y156 (76)99 (78)57 (72).345
 Female condom, ever36 (18)24 (19)12 (15).496
  Past y25 (12)17 (13)8 (10).486
 Male condom135 (70)85 (71)50 (68).569
 Withdrawal93 (49)50 (42)43 (59).026
 Oral sex instead of vaginal40 (21)21 (18)19 (26).184
 Oral contraceptive37 (19)17 (15)20 (26).042
 Emergency contraception27 (14)12 (10)15 (20).058
 Depo Provera26 (14)19 (16)7 (9).166
 Rhythm14 (7)7 (6)7 (10).364
 Female condom13 (7)10 (8)3 (4).241
 IUD13 (7)7 (6)6 (8).538
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)f
 Any STI29 (12)26 (17)3 (3).001
Chlamydia13 (5)11 (7)2 (2).076
 HPV10 (4)9 (6)1 (1).052
 Genital herpes9 (4)9 (6)0 (0).013
  • HPV, human papillomavirus; IUD, intrauterine device.

  • a P values are from χ2 tests.

  • b Percentages are based on those without missing data.

  • c Sex includes vaginal, oral, or anal (opposite sex); oral or anal (same-sex, male); and oral (same-sex, female).

  • d Unreliable test statistic because of low N meeting criteria.

  • e Methods with N <10 are excluded.

  • f STIs with N <5 are excluded.