TABLE 3

Association Between Months Since Breastfeeding Cessation and Hospitalization for Diarrhea and LRTI in the First 8 Months After Birth

ParameterMonths Since Breastfeeding CessationNot BreastfedLinear Trend per Monthb
0a1234–56–7
Diarrhea in mo 1–4
    % (total)0.07 (25 810)0.09 (5757)0.14 (4758)0.23 (4074)NANA0.19 (23 047)
    OR (95% CI)c10.94 (0.27–3.27)2.04 (0.70–5.95)2.37 (0.87–6.46)NANA2.31 (1.22–4.38)1.98 (1.32–2.96)
Diarrhea in mo 5–7
    % (total)0.07 (14 429)0 (2648)0.11 (3231)0.15 (3166)0.24 (12 394)0.19 (8831)0.21 (18 744)
    OR (95% CI)c11.53 (0.35–6.80)1.78 (0.49–6.39)2.54 (0.97–6.68)2.04 (0.66–6.36)1.84 (0.74–4.59)1.28 (1.01–1.61)
LRTI in mo 1–4
    % (total)0.32 (25 810)0.59 (5757)0.64 (4758)0.86 (4,-74)NANA0.58 (23 047)
    OR (95% CI)c11.32 (0.78–2.23)1.70 (0.96–3.03)2.56 (1.36–4.83)NANA1.19 (0.85–1.67)1.46 (1.19–1.80)
LRTI in mo 5–7
    % (total)0.19 (14 429)0.30 (2648)0.24 (3231)0.24 (3166)0.36 (12 394)0.33 (8831)0.53 (18 744)
    OR (95% CI)c11.79 (0.71–4.52)1.41 (0.50–3.95)1.36 (0.55–3.36)1.62 (0.87–3.02)1.70 (0.90–3.21)2.13 (1.24–3.68)1.12 (1.00–1.27)
  • All percentages are weighted to allow for the stratified sample, and CIs allow for clustering. NA indicates not applicable.

  • a Currently breastfed.

  • b Linear trend assessed excluding the “never breastfed” group.

  • c For diarrhea, ORs are adjusted for month (ie, infant's age), mother's age at delivery, mode of delivery, and mother's education. For LRTI, ORs are adjusted for month (ie, infant's age), infant's gender, mother's age at delivery, mode of delivery, household income, whether the infant was first-born, mother's (current) smoking status, and family history of asthma.