Table 3.

Institutional Variation in Interventions

InterventionPopulation AverageInstitutional Range*
% PICU admission28%19%–56%
PICU LOS (d) 4.51.7–7.6
% Intubation12%0%–26%
Steroids27%8%–61%
β agonists92%82%–100%
Continuous β agonists 6%0%–15%
Antibiotics64%39%–77%
>3 antibiotics 6%0%–19%
Furosemide 9.5%1%–28%
Ribavirin 2.5%0%–15%
Chest Physiotherapy28%4%–71%
Arterial line 5.5%0%–19%
Central line 3.5%0%–16%
  • *  Frequency or duration of all of the above interventions significantly different across institutions at P ≤ .001.