TABLE 2

Relationship Between Frequency of Alcohol Use in the First Trimester and High Total SDQ Scores

VariableBoys, n (%)aGirls, n (%)aBoysGirlsInteraction by Gender, χ2 (2 Degrees of Freedom); Pc
Univariable OR (95% CI)Multivariable OR (95% CI)bUnivariable OR (95% CI)Multivariable OR (95% CI)b
Parent SDQ (47 mo), drinks per wk
    0159 (8)78 (4)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)3.99; .14
    <1137 (7)96 (5)0.97 (0.77–1.23)0.98 (0.74–1.29)1.37 (1.01–1.86)1.48 (1.05–2.10)
    ≥173 (10)32 (5)1.29 (0.97–1.73)1.28 (0.91–1.81)1.22 (0.80–1.86)1.34 (0.83–2.15)
(n = 4695)(n = 3842)(n = 4391)(n = 3573)
Parent SDQ (81 mo), drinks per wk
    0115 (6)57 (3)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)7.53; .02
    <197 (6)81 (5)0.91 (0.69–1.20)0.98 (0.71–1.36)1.59 (1.12–2.24)1.62 (1.10–2.38)
    ≥150 (8)21 (4)1.18 (0.84–1.67)1.24 (0.82–1.87)1.12 (0.67–1.86)0.94 (0.53–1.70)
(n = 4128)(n = 3443)(n = 3917)(n = 3210)
Teacher SDQ (93–108 mo), drinks per wk
    0145 (11)42 (3)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)5.27; .07
    <1123 (11)60 (5)0.97 (0.76–1.26)1.21 (0.88–1.66)1.65 (1.10–2.46)1.79 (1.06–3.00)
    ≥154 (12)15 (4)1.03 (0.74–1.43)0.92 (0.59–1.43)1.06 (0.58–1.94)0.70 (0.20–1.69)
(n = 2845)(n = 2144)(n = 2803)(n = 2126)
  • a Scoring is above the SDQ cutoff.

  • b This was adjusted for smoking, cannabis use, and use of illicit drugs in the first trimester; highest level of maternal education; home ownership; marital status; parity; maternal age group; high EPDS score; child ethnicity; gestational age group; and birth weight.

  • c Data are from the likelihood ratio test.