TABLE 1

Correlates of Alcohol Consumption in the First Trimester

VariablesNo Alcohol (n = 4038), %<1 Drink per Week (n = 3626), %≥1 Drink per Week (n = 1422), %χ2 (2 Degrees of Freedom)P
Prenatal factors
    Maternal age (≥35 y)9111775.32<.001
    Smoking182133142.45<.001
    Cannabis use12562.84<.001
    Illicit drug use0.30.30.87.25<.05
    Parity (≥1)51585536.73<.001
    Highest maternal education (degree)13161724.06<.001
    Own home7981796.41<.05
    Currently married81817168.93<.001
    Maternal depression1211148.35<.05
Child factors
    Gestational age (≤36 wk)5452.73NS
    Ethnicity (nonwhite)4434.29NS
    Gender (male)5251532.38NS
    Birth weight, mean (SD), kg3.44 (0.55)3.45 (0.51)3.42 (0.54)aNS
  • NS indicates not significant.

  • a One-way analysis of variance: F = 0.94.