Table 3.

Rate per 1000* of Having an Avoidable Hospitalization Among a Cohort of Infants Born in 1990 in California, Georgia, and Michigan and Enrolled in Medicaid by 1 Month of Age

Parameter California Georgia Michigan
Total avoidable hospitalizations70.1 160.9 120.3
Gender
 Female 58.2 146.8 103.4
 Male 81.6 174.5 136.4
Race
 White 69.0 181.8 117.7
 Black83.9 147.0 127.3
 Hispanic 67.2 113.7106.7
 Asian/Pacific Islander 69.9 57.6-
 Other63.0--
Eligibility status
 AFDC 84.7 174.7 132.0
 Medically needy§54.5 93.4 109.7
 Other poverty 56.4 155.4 88.8
  • * This is the Kaplan-Meier estimated rate of first avoidable hospitalizations from age 31 days through age 24 months. Avoidable hospitalizations that occurred during the first month were used as control variables in the regression models (see Methods section).

  • Includes the ICD-9 diagnostic groups tonsillitis, nasopharyngitis, sinusitis, laryngitis, epiglottitis, and tracheitis. ICD-9 codes 460-465.9; acute bronchitis, bronchiolitis, or bacterial pneumonia: ICD-9 codes 466, 481-483, 485, 486; asthma and chronic bronchitis: ICD-9 codes 491.21, 491.9, 493; gastroenteritis and dehydration: ICD-9 codes 009, 558.9, 276.0, 276.1, 276.5, 775.5; acute injury and poisoning: ICD-9 codes 521.1, 360.5-360.6, 376.6, 388.11, 800-994.9, 995.5-995.9, E800-E928.9, E950-E958.9, E960-E968.9, E980-E999, V71.4, V71.6. Exclude from above 855-859, 888-889, 898-899, 905-909, 994.6, 995.6-995.69, E808, E809, E839, E859, E870-E879, E889, E979, E989, and E990.2.

  • There were not enough events in this group in Georgia or Michigan to compute a Kaplan-Meier estimate.

  • § Other poverty and medically needy categories included higher income children who qualified for Medicaid under expansion programs in the 1980s.