Table 1.

Characteristics of a Cohort of Children Born in 1990 in California, Georgia, and Michigan and Enrolled in Medicaid by Age 1 Month*

CharacteristicEnrolled in Medicaid by Age 1 Month Baseline SampleEnrolled in Medicaid by Age 1 Month and Enrolled Continuously for 2 Years
California GeorgiaMichigan California Georgia Michigan
Number of children 205 839 43 704 58 588 112 78330 199 41 346
Characteristic (from the SMRF; %)
 Female gender 49 49 49 49 49 49
 Race/ethnicity
  White 2441 58 25 34 53
  Black 13 57 3617 64 43
  Asian/Pacific Islander71 0 9 0.4
  Hispanic53 2 4 47 15 1
  Other 4 0.52 2 0.5 3
 Medicaid eligibility category
  AFDC48 29 6664 36 77
  Medically needy§39 110 28 0.2 8
  Other poverty§1370 24 8 64 15
  • AFDC indicates Aid to Families with Dependent Children.

  • * Children were not included in this table if they were blind or had another disability, enrolled in a prepaid managed care plan during their first 2 months of life, or had missing eligibility information.

  • Asians in Michigan were categorized as other.

  • AFDC is the lowest income Medicaid eligibility category.

  • § Other poverty and medically needy categories included higher income children who qualified for Medicaid under expansion programs in the 1980s.