Table 3.

Association Between Independent Variables and Maternal Well-Being (EPDS Score)

By EPDS CategoryPValueχ2/Fdf
<10
(n = 493)
10–12
(n = 134)
>12
(n = 111)
Sleep characteristic
 Sleep problem present (%)Yes366268<.00151.75*2
 Severity of sleep problem (n = 339)Mean (SD)3.6 (1.4)4.3 (1.5)4.8 (1.4)<.00142.19
 Adult nurses child to sleep (%)Yes394653.027.81*2
 Sleep site (%)
Own cot, own room726361.0119.27*6
Own cot, parent's room131415
Parent's bed (cosleeping) 81715
Other 7 6 8
 Time taken to fall asleep (min)Mean (SD)12 (11.8)15 (13.8)16 (14)<.00111.23
 Number of waking nights/wkMean (SD)3.9 (2.7)4.6 (2.5)5.1 (2.4).00234.90
 Number of wakings/night
Median1.41.72.2<.00149.13
Range0–80–50–6
 Length of each waking (min)
Median101015<.00114.87
Range1–901–901–120
 Who attends the night waking (%)
Mother818387.64.56*6
Father 8 9 6
No one/other11 8 7
Nonsleep characteristic
 Past history of depression (%)Yes 81120.00114.75*2
 Marital status (%)
Married919583.00717.65*6
Defacto 7 411
Single 1 0 3
Divorced 1 2 4
 Mother born overseas (%)Yes232732.124.17*2
 Partner born overseas (%)Yes233432<.016.87*2
 Assisted delivery (forceps,
vacuum, cesarean) (%)
Yes404359.640.89*2
  • * χ2 analysis.

  • Student's t test.

  • Mann-Whitney U test.