TABLE 3

Predictors of Total Cost for Bronchiolitis Hospitalizations Among Children <2 Years

VariableModel 1 (Without LOS)Model 2 (With LOS)
Coefficient (95% CI)PCoefficient (95% CI)P
Age
    <1 y1.01.0
    ≥1 to <2 y−620 (−1143 to −98).02468 (194 to 742).001
Gender
    Male1.0
    Female−478 (−898 to −58).0362 (−157 to 281).58
Race/ethnicity
    White non-Hispanic1.01.0
    Other race/ethnicity512 (−456 to 1480).30−55 (−559 to 450).83
    Race/ethnicity missing−633 (−1380 to 113).10−345 (−707 to 17).06
Region
    Northeast1.01.0
    Midwest−883 (−3074 to 1307).43−445 (−1383 to 493).35
    South−1351 (−3354 to 652).19−1362 (−2285 to −440).004
    West725 (−1431 to 2882).51252 (−729 to 1233).61
Location/teaching status
    Rural1.01.0
    Urban nonteaching−142 (−679 to 394).6050 (−261 to 362).75
    Urban teaching1415 (632 to 2199)<.001135 (−232 to 502).47
Respiratory medications on nebulizer−1130 (−2641 to 380).14−248 (−1072 to 576).55
Lumbar puncture2050 (221 to 3879).0358 (−1091 to 1207).92
Mechanical ventilation21 096 (15 572 to 26 620)<.0012177 (−1715 to 6069).27
Asthma codiagnosis115 (−336 to 565).62−43 (−387 to 302).81
Pneumonia codiagnosis1830 (1051 to 2609)<.001−510 (−1051 to 31).07
LOS2035 (1624 to 2447)<.001