TABLE 6

Services Needed Above Routine for a Chronic Condition of ≥12 Months

EIControl, Total Population (n = 86)Total Population EI vs ControlNSI-Free, EI (n = 73) vs Control (n = 84)
Total Population (n = 86)NSI-Free (n = 73)Adjusted OR (95% CI)aPAdjusted OR (95% CI)aP
Visits physician or specialist on a regular basis20 (23)14 (19)9 (10)2.5 (1.1–6.0)0.0362.3 (0.9–5.8)0.08
Visits counselor, psychologist, or a social worker11 (13)6 (8)5 (6)2.3 (0.7–6.8)0.151.7 (0.5–6.5)0.4
Receives physical/occupational or other therapy17 (20)9 (12)2 (2)10.2 (2.3–45.8)0.00212.0 (1.5–97.4)0.02
Receives nursing care or has undergone medical procedures6 (7)2 (3)1 (1)5.9 (0.7–50.9)0.102.4 (0.21–26.7)0.48
Hospitalized for a chronic condition7 (8)3 (4)1 (1)7.2 (0.8–60.0)0.073.6 (0.4–36.2)0.26
Individualized rehabilitation plan12 (14)3 (4)2 (2)6.5 (1.4–30.3)0.013.7 (0.4–36.7)0.26
Receives full-time separate class instructions or attends special schoolsb13 (15)5 (7)4 (5)3.4 (1.0–11.1)0.041.9 (0.4–8.3)0.41
Has special arrangements at schoolc50 (58)39 (53)9 (10)11.9 (5.3–26.8)<0.00112.8 (5.2–31.5)<0.001
Unable to get a needed medical service2 (2)2 (2)1 (1)
Any services needed above routine58 (67)46 (63)19 (22)7.4 (3.7–14.7)<0.0016.9 (3.3–14.1)<0.001
  • Values are n (%) of children unless otherwise stated. Data were adapted from the QulCCC.18,19

  • a Derived from the logistic regression adjusting for the socioeconomic status (single-parent family, maternal education, or low income) and gender.

  • b Attending special school or training school for the physically disabled and severely mentally retarded or receiving full-time special education attached to the mainstream school.

  • c Special arrangements at school include modified schedule (modification of class schedule, curriculum, or gym classes), tutoring by a teacher or by other professionals (special teachers) or resource room, classroom made accessible with special equipment, provision of special transportation, and special diets at school.