TABLE 3

Distribution of Selected Sociodemographic Characteristics According to Whether Parents' Decisions to Vaccinate Their Children Are Not Influenced by a Health Care Provider and Whether Parents Believe That Vaccines Are Not Safe

VariableEstimated Proportion of Parents Not Influenced by a Provider and Believe Vaccines Are Not Safe (n = 154), % (95% CI)Difference From the Reference Group, % (95% CI)95% CI for the Difference From the Reference Group
Children's demographics
    Degree of being UTD with vaccines
        0 doses33.4 (±27.1)32.0 (±27.1)4.9 to 59.2
        >0 doses, not UTD3.6 (±1.3)2.2 (±1.4)0.8 to 3.6
        UTD1.4 (±0.5)ReferenceReference
    Race/ethnicity of the children
        Hispanic0.9 (±0.6)ReferenceReference
        Non-Hispanic white2.5 (±0.8)1.6 (±1.0)0.6 to 2.6
        Non-Hispanic black2.1 (±1.1)1.2 (±1.3)−0.2 to 2.4
        Non-Hispanic American Indian3.8 (±5.7)2.9 (±5.7)−2.9 to 8.6
        Non-Hispanic Asian1.3 (±1.2)0.4 (±1.3)−1.0 to 1.7
    Gender of the children
        Male2.0 (±0.7)ReferenceReference
        Female2.1 (±0.7)0.1 (±1.0)−0.8 to 1.1
    Age of children, mo
        19–242.6 (±1.1)0.8 (±1.3)−0.4 to 2.1
        25–291.6 (±0.7)−0.2 (±1.0)−1.2 to 0.9
        30–351.8 (±0.7)ReferenceReference
Mother's demographics
    Mother's marital status
        Widowed/divorced/separated1.8 (±1.6)−0.2 (±1.7)−1.9 to 1.6
        Never married2.4 (±1.1)0.4 (±1.2)−0.9 to 1.6
        Married2.0 (±0.6)ReferenceReference
    Mother's educational attainment
        <12 y2.0 (±1.4)0.9 (±1.5)−0.6 to 2.4
        12 y3.0 (±1.1)1.9 (±1.2)0.7 to 3.1
          >12 y, non–college graduate1.7 (±1.0)0.6 (±1.1)−0.5 to 1.7
        College graduate1.1 (±0.5)ReferenceReference
    Mother's preferred language
        English2.1 (±0.5)ReferenceReference
        Spanish1.0 (±1.0)−1.2 (±1.1)−2.3 to −0.1
        Other5.0 (±5.6)2.9 (±5.7)−2.8 to 8.5
    Mother's age, y
        ≤191.1 (±1.2)−0.6 (±1.3)−1.9 to 0.7
        20–292.5 (±0.9)0.8 (±1.0)−0.2 to 1.9
        ≥301.7 (±0.6)ReferenceReference
Sociodemographic characteristics of the household
    Annual income
        Above poverty, >$75 0000.6 (±0.4)−1.6 (±0.8)−2.5 to −0.8
        Above poverty, ≤$75 0002.2 (±0.7)ReferenceReference
        Below povertya2.2 (±1.2)0.0 (±1.4)−1.4 to 1.4
    No. of children in the household ≤18 y of age
        11.3 (±0.7)ReferenceReference
        2–31.8 (±0.6)0.5 (±0.9)−0.4 to 1.4
        ≥44.8 (±2.4)3.5 (±2.5)1.0 to 6.0
    Metropolitan statistical area
        Central city2.2 (±0.9)0.4 (±1.2)−0.8 to 1.5
        Noncentral city1.8 (±0.7)ReferenceReference
        Nonmetropolitan statistical area2.3 (±1.1)0.5 (±1.3)−0.8 to 1.7
  • From the National Immunization Survey Health PKM, 2001–2002.

  • aChildren categorized as living in a household that had an annual income below poverty level had an income-poverty ratio that was below the federal poverty level established by the US Department of Commerce for the period of time between the third quarter of 2001 and the fourth quarter of 2002.