TABLE 2

Covariates by Parental Movie Restrictions and Monitoring

VariableNOutcomesR-Rated Movie Rules: Parent …Parental Monitoring of Children’s Movie Viewing: Parent Always …
At Risk for Smoking, Row %At Risk for Drinking, Row %Prohibits Child From Watching R-Rated Movies, Row %Coviews R-Rated Movies With Child, Row %Permits Child to Watch R-Rated Movies, Row %Goes Into Video Store With Child, Row %Wants to Know Rating Before Child Can Watch Movie, Row %Requires Child to Check Before Watching Movie, Row %Checks What Movie Child Might Watch at Friend’s House, Row %
Child characteristics
    Child age, y
        95078.5a14.2a59.2a15.825.067.5a56.0b41.6a22.3a
        109789.215.851.119.429.466.453.139.718.2
        1184315.224.934.021.844.161.048.630.713.6
        1227823.032.730.615.853.654.346.025.911.9
    Child gender
        Male130512.6c22.7d38.7a21.140.262.4c49.3b33.8b16.2c
        Female130112.317.851.317.131.764.753.637.617.5
    Child race
        White195112.1c19.8c45.0c18.336.663.9c51.3c34.9c16.2c
        Nonwhite65513.621.744.921.433.762.452.138.018.6
    School performance
        Excellent10087.7a16.1a54.6a18.127.468.3a57.6a39.3d21.2a
        Good113614.019.343.119.137.862.148.133.714.7
        Average/below average45019.331.828.021.650.456.746.231.812.4
    Has friends who smoke
        No23739.4a17.8a47.4a19.533.164.3a52.6a36.6d17.4a
        Yes23343.345.520.615.064.455.839.526.211.2
    Has friends who drink
        No236810.1a17.2a47.2a19.033.864.6a52.7a36.1c17.1c
        Yes23836.150.823.120.256.753.438.731.913.9
Parent characteristics
    Parent education
        High school diploma or less83514.5d20.2c37.7a20.741.662.4c49.8c35.9c17.5c
        Some college or Associate’s degree98313.421.143.019.037.964.751.434.917.4
        Bachelor’s or graduate degree7109.420.157.016.826.263.953.936.215.5
    Household income
        <$25 00029618.9a22.6c28.7a18.952.459.1c45.9c29.4c17.9c
        $25 000–$40 00061316.822.340.321.238.564.950.136.919.1
        $40 001–$65 00074210.918.346.019.734.462.752.335.215.9
        >$65 0008539.420.553.616.430.065.153.737.215.7
    Parental monitoring of nonmedia-related behaviorse
        First quartile66821.7a32.5a31.9a14.753.449.3a28.3a17.2a6.0a
        Second quartile74613.423.739.920.539.560.646.029.010.6
        Third quartile6128.816.251.520.428.171.661.341.517.2
        Fourth quartile5804.56.059.721.019.375.374.859.537.1
    Parent smoking
        Neither smoke165410.3a19.5c52.1a17.031.064.6c53.6d36.8c16.9c
        One smokes54517.223.533.920.945.160.645.932.715.0
        Both smoke33816.320.429.925.145.064.250.934.019.5
    Parent drinking
        Neither drinks34513.0c16.8b48.4b13.338.364.1c55.4c35.4c17.1b
        One or both drink occasionally142211.719.745.918.735.463.852.336.118.5
        One or both drink weekly or more76114.323.842.322.135.663.648.934.613.7
Total260612.520.345.019.135.963.551.535.716.8
  • a P < .001 for χ2 comparison.

  • b P < .05 for χ2 comparison.

  • c P not significant for χ2 comparison.

  • d P < .01 for χ2 comparison.

  • e Higher scores indicate higher levels of parental monitoring of children’s nonmedia-related behaviors.