Table 1.

Predictors of Changes in Adiposity (SSF) in Black and White Girls From Ages 9 to 14 Years

ParameterBlack GirlsWhite Girls
Effect Size (mm)95% Confidence IntervalEffect Size (mm)95% Confidence Interval
Overall test for age effectP = .057P = .005
Age 10*−.52−2.57, 1.54.17−1.18, 1.53
Age 11*−.36−2.79, 2.07−1.15−3.02, .73
Age 12*1.67−1.22, 4.57−1.96−4.18, .27
Age 13*2.58−1.13, 6.30−.88−3.82, 2.07
Age 14*5.48§.37, 10.591.19−3.12, 5.50
Overall test for maturation effectP < .001P < .001
Pubertal but premenarcheal10.848.56, 13.127.98§6.36, 9.60
Postmenarcheal <1 y14.2811.14, 17.4113.02§10.34, 15.70
Postmenarcheal 1–2 y16.5712.66, 20.4817.33§13.92, 20.73
Postmenarcheal >2 y19.9914.82, 25.1719.26§14.37, 24.15
Total calories (kcal/d)−.0029−.0041, −.0017−.0012−.0026, .0001
Activity diary score (MET-min/d)−.0015−.0033, .0004−.0016−.0035, .0003
  • * Versus age 9.

  • Versus prepubertal.

    For test of estimate of effect size different from 0:

  • .05 < P ≤ .10;

  • § .01 < P ≤ .05; and

  • P ≤ .01.