TABLE 1

System Changes for Determination of Epinephrine Doses for Children

Before LA Kids Program (1994–1997)After LA Kids Program (2003–2004)
Trained paramedics to use the Broselow tape and encouraged them to use it for drug dose and equipment size determinations.Mandated paramedics to use the Broselow tape and gave them precalculated drug dosing charts to determine patient's weight according to color zone.
Provided information to base hospitals about dosing of epinephrine (mg/kg) but did not supply them with precalculated drug dosing charts.Trained base hospitals in use of the Broselow tape and supplied them with precalculated drug dosing charts used by paramedics.
Paramedics could deliver the first dose of epinephrine before base hospital contact.Paramedics could deliver the first dose of epinephrine before base hospital contact.