Table 3.

Age-Adjusted Frequencies of Selected Reported Morbidity Conditions Among HIV-Infected and -Uninfected Children*

Reported HistoryGroup 1
% (95% CI)
Group 2
% (95% CI)
Group 3
% (95% CI)
n§ = 733n§ = 2190n§ = 609
Child gets sick often34.2 (26.6–41.8)11.2 (8.9–13.6)10.7 (7.8–13.6)
Diarrhea in last month38.6 (31.7–45.5)28.0 (25.4–30.6)30.1 (25.0–35.2)
Since last visit had
 Fever56.1 (49.0–63.2)44.3 (40.9–47.6)39.0 (33.1–44.9)
 Vomiting16.0 (11.1–20.9)5.4 (4.2–6.6)5.8 (4.0–7.8)
 Cough51.3 (43.9–58.8)41.5 (38.0–45.0)41.2 (34.1–48.3)
 Conjunctivitis18.4 (12.3–25.3)12.7 (10.5–14.9)12.9 (8.8–17.0)
 Oral thrush20.1 (14.0–26.2)9.7 (7.5–11.9)8.2 (4.1–12.3)
 Ear infection16.6 (11.9–21.3)5.5 (4.1–6.9)3.9 (2.3–5.5)
 Skin disease28.0 (21.1–34.9)15.0 (12.5–17.6)19.5 (13.8–25.2)
 Measles4.8 (4.0–5.6)2.6 (2.0–3.2)1.2 (.4–2.0)
 Malaria8.6 (5.1–12.1)8.1 (6.1–10.1)6.5 (4.7–8.3)
 Visited a clinic67.1 (60.6–73.6)54.3 (51.0–57.6)51.3 (44.4–58.2)
 Been hospitalized8.2 (4.7–11.7)3.9 (2.5–5.3)2.6 (1.0–4.2)
  • * Age adjusted to a uniform distribution between 9 months and 3 years of age as described elsewhere.14Group 1, HIV-infected children; group 2, uninfected children born to HIV-seropositive mothers; group 3, children born to HIV-seronegative mothers.Indicator of recurrence.§Overall number of visits made by 190 group 1, 499 group 2, and 119 group 3 children.Statistically significant difference (P < .05) between HIV-infected and -uninfected children.