Table 1.

Sociodemographic, Clinical, and Immunization Characteristics of HIV-Infected and -Uninfected Children

CharacteristicGroup 1*
n = 190
Group 2*
n = 499
Group 3*
n = 119
PValue
Mean maternal age (y)23.824.124.7
Mother illiterate (%)8.412.412.7
Father illiterate (%)18.416.016.1
Electricity in the house (%)30.331.232.1
Mean parity2.62.93.3.02
Mean birth weight (g)2771.92903.02979.5.004
Clinical category (%)§.005
 N/A7.49.615.1
 B86.288.284.0
 C6.42.20.9
Immunized: coverage (%)
 BCG100.0100.0100.0
 First DTP98.499.4100.0
 Second DTP95.798.299.1
 Third DTP91.495.799.1.0001
 First OPV100.0100.0100.0
 Second OPV98.999.899.1
 Third OPV97.998.299.1
 Measles87.192.394.8
  • * Group 1, HIV-infected children; group 2, HIV-uninfected children born to HIV-seropositive mothers; group 3, children born to HIV-seronegative mothers.

  • Only statistically significant (P < .05) values are shown (1-way analysis of variance test for continuous variables, χ2 test for categorical variables, and Kaplan-Meier analysis log-rank test for immunization coverage).Index of high socioeconomic status.

  • § Based on CDC 1994 Revised Classification (see “Methods”). The clinical classification for groups 2 and 3 should not be related to HIV because these children were not infected (other clinical causes should be considered).Immunization history (including verification of records—see “Methods”).