TABLE 3

Trends in the Prevalence of Sun-Safe Behavior Practices When Going Outdoors on a Sunny Day During the Summer for >1 Hour in US Youth, Sun Survey 1998 and 2004

Sun Protection MeasuresApply Sunscreen When Going Outdoors in SummerApply Sunscreen With SPF 15+ at the Beach/PoolWear Wide-Brimmed HatWear SunglassesWear Clothing (Long Pants or Long-Sleeve Shirt)Stay in Shade or Under Umbrella
1998, %2004, %Change, % (Change, 95% CI)1998, %2004, %Change, % (Change, 95% CI)1998, %2004, %Change, % (Change, 95% CI)1998, %2004, %Change, % (Change, 95% CI)1998, %2004, %Change, % (Change, 95% CI)1998, %2004, %Change, % (Change, 95% CI)
Total (often/always)31.439.48.0a (4.0 to 12.0)58.456.4−2.0 (−6.5 to 2.5)3.84.91.1 (−0.7 to 2.9)32.232.1−0.1 (−4.0 to 3.8)21.722.81.1 (−2.5 to 4.7)21.821.7−0.1 (−3.7 to 3.5)
    Total (always)9.715.86.1a (3.3 to 8.8)32.229.0−3.2 (−7.4 to 1.0)0.42.31.9 (−0.7 to 3.0)13.216.12.9 (−0.01 to 5.8)7.310.83.5a (1.0 to 5.0)2.82.2−0.6 (−2.1 to 0.9)
Age, y
    11–1341.948.16.2 (−0.7 to 13.1)63.464.61.2 (−5.9 to 8.3)5.05.00.0 (−3.1 to 3.1)23.525.41.9 (−4.1 to 7.8)21.221.0−0.2 (−6.0 to 5.6)23.925.61.7 (−4.3 to 7.7)
    14–1526.535.59.0b (1.2 to 16.8)58.653.0−5.6 (−14.5 to 3.3)2.04.92.9 (−0.3 to 6.1)30.427.3−3.1 (−10.6 to 4.4)18.924.35.4 (−1.8 to 12.6)19.420.61.2 (−6.0 to 8.4)
    16–1822.933.010.1a (4.0 to 16.2)52.051.1−0.9 (−8.6 to 6.8)3.54.81.3 (−1.7 to 4.3)43.441.8−1.6 (−8.5 to 5.4)24.123.4−0.7 (−6.9 to 5.6)20.819.0−1.8 (−7.6 to 4.0)
Gender
    Boys25.130.04.9 (−0.4 to 10.2)56.053.1−2.9 (−9.6 to 3.8)3.86.52.7 (0.1 to 5.3)26.224.4−1.8 (−6.9 to 3.3)23.921.9−2.0 (−7.1 to 3.1)21.520.5−1.0 (−6.0 to 4.0)
    Girls37.948.610.7a (4.9 to 16.5)60.659.8−0.8 (−6.8 to 5.2)3.83.3−0.5 (−2.9 to 1.9)38.240.11.9 (−4.1 to 7.8)19.423.74.3 (−0.8 to 9.4)21.923.01.1 (−4.2 to 6.4)
Race
    White33.543.09.5a (5.1 to 13.9)60.362.11.8 (−2.9 to 6.5)3.24.91.7 (−0.2 to 3.6)32.932.90.0 (−4.3 to 4.3)18.822.73.9b (0.2 to 7.6)18.618.80.2 (−3.4 to 3.8)
    Nonwhite25.225.30.1 (−9.5 to 9.7)50.936.8−14.1 (−26.3 to −1.8)5.75.3−0.4 (−5.5 to 4.7)30.529.0−1.5 (−11.5 to 8.5)32.822.7−10.1b (−19.8 to −0.3)33.331.8−1.5 (−11.8 to 8.8)
Sun sensitivity index
    Low21.023.62.6 (−4.1 to 9.3)50.842.9−7.9 (−17.0 to 1.2)5.14.5−0.6 (−4.4 to 3.2)34.428.7−5.7 (−13.4 to 1.9)26.124.7−1.4 (−8.7 to 5.9)22.721.4−1.3 (−8.5 to 5.9)
    Medium30.741.410.7a (5.0 to 16.4)57.157.20.1 (−6.3 to 6.5)2.94.92.0 (−0.3 to 4.4)31.531.3−0.2 (−5.7 to 5.3)20.520.4−0.1 (−5.1 to 4.9)20.620.2−0.4 (−5.4 to 4.6)
    High46.155.69.5 (0.9 to 18.6)69.074.95.9 (−2.4 to 14.2)3.85.82.0 (−1.7 to 5.7)30.438.17.7 (−0.3 to 15.7)18.525.36.8 (−0.4 to 14.0)22.725.62.9 (−4.4 to 10.3)
  • Prevalence of regular sun-safe behavior practiced as always or often.

  • a P < .001.

  • b P < .05.