Table 1.

Baseline Characteristics of Children Enrolled in the Study

Control
n = 61
Treatment
n = 76
Total
n = 137
Age (mean, in years)7.17.77.4
Female (%)29.531.630.7
Race/ethnicity
 Black (%)55.964.360.5
 Hispanic (%)8.82.45.3
Private insurance (%)14.012.813.3
Age at first asthma
diagnosis (mean, in years)
2.93.33.1
Smoking in home (%)39.040.539.9
Environmental triggers/
allergens in home (mean)
1.981.961.98
Missed 3 or more school
days in previous year
because of asthma (%)
36.227.431.3
Emergency visits in past
year (mean)
.75.86.80
Asthma severity (based on
National Institutes of
Health criteria, mean,
0 = mild, 2 = severe)
1.051.111.08
Parents rating asthma
moderate or severe (%)
71.273.272.3
  • * Treatment and control group differences were not significant (P > .10 each).