TABLE 3

Relationship of Anxiety or Depressive Disorder to Asthma Symptoms

SymptomAnxiety or Depressive Disorder, N (%)No Disorder N (%)Adjusted ORa (95% CI)
Asthma-specific symptoms from CHSA-T
    Shortness of breath69 (55.6)206 (32.1)2.42 (1.60 to 3.65)
    Tightness in the chest55 (44.0)164 (25.5)2.22 (1.46 to 3.37)
    Wheezing without a cold56 (44.8)155 (24.1)2.57 (1.69 to 3.90)
    Cough68 (54.8)239 (37.2)2.02 (1.34 to 3.03)
    A cold that won't go away43 (35.0)144 (22.4)1.74 (1.12 to 2.70)
    Wheezing with a cold50 (40.0)142 (22.1)2.05 (1.34 to 3.14)
Related physical symptoms from CHSA-T
    Headache66 (52.8)195 (30.4)2.00 (1.32 to 3.04)
    Skin rash16 (13.0)38 (5.9)2.64 (1.35 to 5.16)
    Itchy eyes46 (36.8)129 (20.2)2.32 (1.50 to 3.60)
    Stuffy nose or congestion87 (70.2)358 (55.7)1.94 (1.25 to 3.00)
    Difficulty sleeping, such as trouble falling asleep or waking in the night coughing or short of breath82 (66.1)220 (34.3)3.45 (2.25 to 5.29)
  • a Adjusted for age, gender, parental education, race, ethnicity, modified HEDIS severity measure, duration of asthma, treatment intensity, and PCDS.