Table 8.

Primary Cause of Death Excluding Those With Lethal Congenital Abnormalities

Pulmonary insufficiency167 (34.4%)
RDS ± IVH ± infection150 (30.9%)
Late sequelae of ventilation40 (8.2%)
Infection40 (8.2%)
Intracranial bleeding28 (5.8%)
Necrotizing enterocolitis17 (3.6%)
Other*43 (8.9%)
No cause stated15 (3.1%)
  • IVH indicates intraventricular hemorrhage.

  • * Including 13 pulmonary hemorrhage, 4 air leak, 2 severe hypotension, 2 hypernatraemia, 2 sudden collapse, 1 pulmonary hypoplasia, 1 pulmonary hypertension, 1 brain stem infarct, 1 periventricular leukomalacia, and 1 intraperitoneal bleed.