TABLE 1

Baseline Characteristics

ChildrenLow-Anxiety Group (n = 197)High-Anxiety Group (n = 44)P
Age, mean ± SD, y6.3 ± 2.35.9 ± 2.7.45
Gender, % male/% female49:5154:46.35
Ethnicity, % white8579.27
Previous surgery, %2420.33
Child attended hospital preparation program, %6768.56
State anxiety, mean score ± SD
    Holding area29.7 ± 8.560.1 ± 13.9<.001
    Induction42.8 ± 21.667.2 ± 26.1<.001
Temperament (EASI), mean score ± SD
    Emotionality11.6 ± 4.412.2 ± 4.2.44
    Activity15.2 ± 4.114.8 ± 3.7.54
    Sociability18.3 ± 3.017.6 ± 2.6.18
    Impulsivity12.4 ± 3.912.2 ± 3.7.76
Parents, mean score ± SD
    Education, y15 ± 2.613.7 ± 2.6.002
    Coping style (MBSS monitoring)4.7 ± 3.35.4 ± 3.5.29
    Personal stress questionnaire22.5 ± 7.424.1 ± 6.9.24
    Trait anxiety (STAI)40.1 ± 6.739.3 ± 6.0.49
    State anxiety (STAI)43.6 ± 1144.8 ± 11.54