TABLE 2

Doula Intervention Effects on Breastfeeding and Infant Feeding Practices

Doula Group % (95% CI) No.Control Group % (95% CI) No.P
Birth outcomes (n = 245)
 Attempted breastfeeding63.9 (55.3–72.5) n = 78/12249.6 (40.7–58.5) n = 61/123P = .02
4-month outcomes (n = 221)
 Breastfeeding durationP = .10
  Never34.3 (25.2–43.3) n = 37/10848.7 (39.4–58.0) n = 55/113
  <6 wk37.0 (27.8–46.2) n = 40/10834.5 (25.7–43.4) n = 39/113
  6 wk to 4 mo20.4 (12.7–28.0) n = 22/10812.4 (6.3–18.5) n = 14/113
  >4 mo8.3 (3.1–13.6) n = 9/1084.4 (0.5–8.3) n = 5/113
 Timing of cereal/solid food introductionP = .008
  <6 wk of age5.6 (1.2–9.9) n = 6/10817.9 (10.7–25.0) n = 20/112
  6 wk to 4 mo of age73.1 (64.7–81.6) n = 79/10869.6 (61.0–78.2) n = 78/112
  >4 mo of age21.3 (13.5–29.1) n = 23/10812.5 (6.3–18.7) n = 14/112
  • CI, confidence interval.