TABLE 4.

Hospitalists Reported Less Use of Therapies and Tests of Unproven Benefit Than Community Pediatricians in Multivariable Analysis

Adjusted OR (95% CI)aP
Bronchiolitis
    Xoponex5.33 (2.63–10.79)<.001
    Inhaled steroid therapy5.25 (2.46–11.21)<.001
    Oral steroid therapy5.37 (2.67–10.79)<.001
    Albuterol1.30 (0.53–3.20).56
Gastroenteritis
    Stool culture2.64 (1.27–5.48).01
    Rotavirus testing3.46 (1.17–10.23).02
Asthma
    Ipratropium after 24 h1.93 (1.01–3.68).04
  • a OR of hospitalists reporting rarely or never using the given test or therapy, compared with community pediatricians, adjusted in a multivariate logistic regression analysis controlling for gender, race, days attending per year, number of years out of residency, hospital practice type, and completion of additional fellowship/graduate training.