TABLE 3

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of 1472 Infants at 2 to 3 Years’ Corrected Age

CharacteristicNo IVH (n = 1043)All IVH (n = 429)I–II IVH (n = 336)Isolated I–II IVH (n = 296)III–IV IVH (n = 93)
Moderate/severe neurosensory impairment126 (12.1)114 (26.6)*** [2.63, 1.96–3.53]74 (22.0)*** [2.06, 1.48–2.86]55 (18.6)** [1.66, 1.17–2.35]40 (43.0)*** [5.49, 3.42–8.83]
CP68 (6.5)63 (15.1)*** [2.48, 1.71–3.61]35 (10.4)* [1.72, 1.11–2.67]22 (7.4)28 (30.1)*** [5.99, 3.50–10.21]
MDI or GQ ≤2 SD31/900 (3.4)37/377 (9.8)*** [3.08, 1.83–5.19]23/297 (7.8)** [2.37, 1.31–4.28]15/263 (5.7) [1.69, 0.90–3.19]14/80 (17.5)*** [6.00, 2.88–12.39]
Bilateral blindness2 (0.2)5 (1.2)* [6.14,1.06–45.77]3 (0.9) [4.69, 0.64–40.16]3 (1) [5.32, 0.88–32.04]2 (2.2)* [11.44,1.14–114.92]
Bilateral hearing loss Isolateda24 (2.3)28 (6.5)*** [2.96, 1.64–5.36]20 (6.0)** [2.69, 1.41–5.12]16 (5.4)** [2.42, 1.27–4.63]8 (8.6)** [4.0, 1.60–9.69]
17 (1.6)16 (3.7) [2.34, 1.17–4.67]13 (3.9) [2.42, 1.16–5.05]10 (3.4) [2.11, 0.96–4.66]3 (3.2) [2.01, 0.58–6.99]
  • Data are presented as n (%) [OR, 95% CI]. CP, cerebral palsy; GQ, general quotient; MDI, mental developmental index. *P < .05; **P < .01; ***P < .001.

  • a Hearing loss without any other neurosensory deficit.