Table 2.

Child Care Practices Related to SIDS Risk in 53 Nonindustrialized Societies as Determined From HRAF Cross-Cultural CD, IV

PracticeInformation AvailableData: Yes
n%n%
Sleeping conditions
Sleep position
 On the back48%375%
 On the side48%125%
Separate bed for infant*2649%2388%
 Bed-sharing*2955%2586%
 Undersurface of infant bed indicated1732%
 Pillow use48%4100%
Social interaction
 Infant always observed2955%2897%
 Infant carried on the mother's back3057%30100%
 Infant in a separate room at night2751%00%
 Infant in separate room during d2445%14%
 Gender differences in child care1019%990%
Temperature and clothing
 Indication on clothing of infant1936%19100%
 Swaddling/wrapping2038%1995%
 Other restraints used1019%10100%
 Hats or other head covers worn48%4100%
 Babies hair shaved36%133%
 Extra clothing during illness00%
 Heating of sleeping room713%0
Infant feeding
 Use of dummy or pacifier1325%13100%
 Thumb-sucking encouraged611%233%
 Breastfeeding4891%48100%
 Weaning age indicated35/4873%
  <1 y26%
  1–2 y720%
  2–3 y1440%
  >3 y1234%
Indication of feeding schedule25/4852%
  Demand fed25100%
Smoking
 Father smoking1528%1387%
 Mother smoking1325%969%
 Society smoking1630%1488%
  • * In a number of societies, texts were identified that indicated that the infant had a separate bed/sleeping place but also shared the bed with mother/parents (n = 8) probably reflecting different sleeping practices during the day and night.