TABLE 4

Adjusted ORs of Health Care Use and Health Behaviors by PI

MIFI
Adjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Health care use
 Forgone health care1.65** (1.20–2.27)1.22* (1.02–1.47)
 Worsening health problem(s)1.29 (0.76–2.22)1.51** (1.18–1.95)
 Annual dental examination0.67** (0.50–0.90)0.89 (0.75–1.07)
 Mental health counseling1.14 (0.71–1.85)1.60*** (1.23–2.08)
 Annual physical examination1.47 (0.96–2.25)1.13 (0.94–1.36)
 Usual source of care in ED or non–primary care setting2.36*** (1.51–3.68)1.22 (0.98–1.53)
General health behaviors
 >50 h of television watched per wk0.66 (0.27–1.58)1.63* (1.03–2.56)
 Fast food ≥4× per wk1.10 (0.69–1.75)1.15 (0.94–1.43)
 Sugary drinks ≥4 per wk1.29 (0.90–1.87)1.37** (1.10–1.69)
 Fitness center use ≥4× per wk0.71 (0.39–1.31)0.75 (0.54–1.04)
 Sunblock use1.14 (0.71–1.83)0.67*** (0.54–0.82)
Substance use
 Cigarette smoking (within 30 d)1.77*** (1.26–2.50)1.53*** (1.28–1.82)
 Problem drinkinga1.70** (1.17–2.49)1.46*** (1.21–1.75)
 Prescription drug abuse1.61* (1.02–2.55)1.46*** (1.20–1.79)
 Illicit IV drug use0.96 (0.19–4.77)2.54** (1.27–5.12)
 Problem drug useb1.38 (0.59–3.23)1.74*** (1.25–2.41)
Other high-risk behaviors
 10+ lifetime sexual partnersc1.55* (1.08–2.22)1.19* (1.01–1.41)
 Sex in exchange for money2.16* (1.05–4.45)1.03 (0.57–1.85)
 Gambling problems1.34 (0.56–3.20)1.77 (0.98–3.20)
  • CI, confidence interval.

  • a Drinking that put yourself or others at risk, including unprotected sex, drinking that led to legal problems, or drinking that caused problems with family, friends, work, or school.

  • b Using drugs that put yourself or others at risk, including unprotected sex or drinking that led to legal problems.

  • c Vaginal sex only.

  • * P < 05.

  • ** P < .01.

  • *** P < .001.