TABLE 1

Characteristics of Children Treated for Asthma at 3 Michigan EDs (Urban, Suburban, and Rural)

CharacteristicTotal (n = 197), % (n)Urban (n = 139), % (n)Suburban (n = 35), % (n)Rural (n = 23), % (n)P
Age, y.23
    2–430.5 (60)33.1 (47)25.7 (9)17.4 (4)
    5–934.5 (68)32.4 (45)28.5 (10)56.5 (13)
    10–1425.9 (51)25.9 (36)31.4 (11)17.4 (4)
    15–179.1 (18)7.9 (11)14.2 (5)8.7 (2)
Male59.4 (117)61.1 (85)57.1 (20)52.2 (12).69
Hispanic14.7 (29)15.1 (21)8.6 (3)21.7 (5).37
Race<.001a
    Black32.5 (64)31.7 (44)54.3 (19)4.4 (1)
    White60.9 (120)60.4 (84)42.9 (15)91.2 (21)
    Other6.6 (13)9.3 (11)2.9 (1)4.4 (1)
Parent/guardian education levelb.38
    <High school15.8 (31)13.7 (19)20.0 (7)21.7 (5)
    High school grad31.1 (61)30.9 (43)31.4 (11)34.9 (8)
    1–3 y of college32.7 (64)33.8 (47)22.3 (8)39.1 (9)
    ≥College grad20.4 (40)21.6 (30)25.7 (9)4.4 (1)
Insurance status.08a
    HMO/PPO51.8 (102)50.4 (70)48.6 (17)65.2 (15)
    Medicaid/Public42.1 (83)45.3 (63)42.9 (15)21.7 (5)
    Self-Pay2.0 (4)0.7 (1)2.9 (1)8.7 (2)
    Unknown4.1 (8)3.6 (5)5.7 (2)4.4 (1)
  • a The P value is based on Fisher's exact test.

  • b Missing information on education for 1 subject.