TABLE 4

Emotional, Developmental, or Behavior Problems and Their Effect on Family Functioning and Community Participation

Family Functioning/ Community Participation VariableAll ChildrenChildren With Any Emotional, Developmental, or Behavior Problem Expected to Last ≥12 MonthsChildren With No Emotional, Developmental, or Behavior Problem Expected to Last ≥12 Months
Early childhood (0–5 y)
    No. of times in the past month in which the respondent had to make different arrangements for child care at the last minute because usual plans changed because of uncontrollable circumstances
        0 or 1 time81.8 (0.4)69.6 (3.1)82.0 (0.4)
        >1 time18.2 (0.4)30.4 (3.1)18.0 (0.4)
    Respondent or another family member had to quit a job, not take a job, or greatly change a job because of problems with child care during the past 12 months11.1 (0.3)26.4 (3.0)10.7 (0.3)
Middle childhood and adolescence (6–17 y)
    Of those children who attend school, No. of days in the past 12 months in which the child missed school because of illness or injury
        <10 days90.8 (0.2)76.1 (1.2)91.9 (0.2)
        ≥10 days9.2 (0.2)23.9 (1.2)8.1 (0.2)
    Number of times in the past 12 months in which the child's school contacted the respondent or another adult in the household about any problems he/she is having with school
        Never70.1 (0.3)27.7 (1.3)73.4 (0.3)
        Once11.4 (0.2)9.9 (0.7)11.4 (0.2)
        More than once18.5 (0.3)62.4 (1.3)15.2 (0.3)
    Child was on a sports team or took sports lessons after school or on the weekends during the past 12 months57.6 (0.3)40.3 (1.3)58.9 (0.4)
    Child participated in a club or organization after school or on weekends (eg, Scouts, a religious group, or Boy/Girl's Club) during the past 12 months52.6 (0.3)44.2 (1.3)53.3 (0.4)
    Respondent has concerna in relation to the child about the following
        Self-esteem56.2 (0.3)85.1 (1.0)54.0 (0.4)
        Depression or anxiety36.2 (0.3)78.1 (1.2)32.9 (0.3)
        Substance abuse22.0 (0.3)28.5 (1.2)21.5 (0.3)
General family functioning questions
    Respondent's perceived relationship to the childb
        Very close85.7 (0.2)73.2 (1.2)86.6 (0.2)
        Somewhat close13.4 (0.2)22.9 (1.1)12.6 (0.2)
        Not very close0.7 (0.1)3.0 (0.5)0.6 (0.1)
        Not close at all0.2 (0.03)1.0 (0.3)0.1 (0.03)
    Respondent's perceived ability to cope with the day-to-day demands of parenthood
        Very well58.3 (0.3)39.9 (1.3)59.4 (0.3)
        Somewhat well40.3 (0.3)55.2 (1.3)39.4 (0.3)
        Not very well1.1 (0.1)3.7 (0.4)0.9 (0.1)
        Not well at all0.3 (0.03)1.2 (0.2)0.2 (0.03)
    How often during the past month that the respondent felt that the child is much harder to care for than most children his/her age
        Never69.7 (0.3)23.4 (1.1)72.4 (0.3)
        Sometimes24.2 (0.2)44.1 (1.2)23.0 (0.2)
        Usually3.0 (0.1)16.0 (1.0)2.2 (0.1)
        Always3.1 (0.1)16.5 (0.9)2.4 (0.1)
    How often during the past month that the respondent felt he/she was giving up more of their life to meet the child's needs more than he/she expected
        Never59.3 (0.3)33.5 (1.2)60.9 (0.3)
        Sometimes26.3 (0.2)32.9 (1.2)25.9 (0.3)
        Usually5.3 (0.1)13.9 (0.9)4.8 (0.1)
        Always9.1 (0.2)19.6 (1.0)8.4 (0.2)
    Respondent has someone to turn to for day-to-day emotional help with raising children86.4 (0.2)82.7 (1.0)86.8 (0.2)
  • All variables are listed as % (SE of percentages in parentheses) of the column attribute. Those subjects who were not applicable (because of age or otherwise) or who had missing values for a particular variable were not included in calculations. All column-wise comparisons between the 2 categories of emotional, developmental, or behavioral problems with respect to each of the listed family functioning variables were significant (χ2 test P ≤ 0.0001).

  • a Concern defined as an answer of “a lot” or “a little” concern by the respondent.

  • b Question applicable to children 6–17 years of age.