TABLE 1

Demographic Characteristics and Covariates

Total Sample (n = 872)Overweighta (n = 97)Not Overweight (n = 775)
Child gender, n (%)
    Male427 (49.0)53 (54.6)374 (48.3)
    Female445 (51.0)44 (45.4)401 (51.7)
Child race, n (%)
    White722 (82.8)81 (83.5)641 (82.7)
    Other150 (17.2)16 (16.5)134 (17.3)
Living with spouse or partner, n (%)
    Yes767 (87.9)82 (84.5)685 (88.4)
    No105 (12.1)15 (15.5)90 (11.6)
Maternal sensitivity, n (%)
    High311 (35.7)20 (20.6)291 (37.6)
    Low561 (64.3)77 (79.4)484 (62.4)
Maternal expectations for self-control, n (%)
    High477 (54.7)58 (59.8)419 (54.1)
    Low395 (45.3)39 (40.2)356 (45.9)
Maternal education, mean (SD), y14.6 (2.4)14.0 (2.4)14.6 (2.4)
Income/needs ratio,b mean (SD)3.6 (3.1)2.9 (2.2)3.7 (3.2)
Child Behavior Problems Checklist total standard score,c mean (SD)50.6 (9.5)52.3 (9.1)50.5 (9.5)
  • a Overweight indicates BMI of ≥95th percentile.

  • b Income/needs ratio of ≤1 indicates poverty.

  • c Child Behavior Problems Checklist scores range from 23 to 100, with higher scores indicating more behavior problems.