TABLE 1

Diarrhea-Associated Hospitalizations According to Diagnostic Category Among Children <5 Years of Age: 1997 and 2000, KID, United States

Diagnostic CategoryaICD-9-CM CodesHospitalizations
1997b2000c
n (SE)%n (SE)%
Etiology unspecified
    Presumed noninfectious558.9, 787.91105 453 (3472)6191 202 (2946)61
    Presumed infectious009–009.31473 (120)11234 (91)1
Etiology specified
    Viral total008.6–008.859 328 (2349)3452 502 (1745)35
    Rotavirus008.6131 852 (1618)1828 536 (1259)19
Bacterial totald001–005, 008–008.58503 (373)57190 (320)5
    Escherichia coli and others008–008.54393 (228)34190 (245)3
    Salmonella organisms002–003.92808 (165)22057 (108)1
Total, KID173 220 (5321)100150 465 (4418)100
  • a More than 1 diagnostic category (ICD-9-CM code) may be listed on each discharge record.

  • b Weighted to approximate national estimates using the KID data for 1997, which includes 10% of uncomplicated births and 80% of pediatric discharges in 22 states.

  • c Weighted to approximate national estimates using the KID data for 2000, which includes 10% of uncomplicated births and 80% of pediatric discharges in 27 states.

  • d Hospitalizations associated with cholera, shigella, protozoan organisms, and food poisoning composed 1.1% of all diarrhea-associated hospitalizations in 1997 and <1% in 2000.