TABLE 2

Medications to Maintain Cardiac Output and for Postresuscitation Stabilization

MedicationDose RangeComment
Inamrinone0.75–1 mg/kg IV/IO over 5 min; may repeat × 2; then: 2–20 μg/kg per minInodilator
Dobutamine2–20 μg/kg per min IV/IOInotrope; vasodilator
Dopamine2–20 μg/kg per min IV/IOInotrope; chronotrope; renal and splanchnic vasodilator in low doses; pressor in high doses
Epinephrine0.1–1 μg/kg per min IV/IOInotrope; chronotrope; vasodilator in low doses; pressor in higher doses
Milrinone50–75 μg/kg IV/IO over 10–60 min then 0.5–0.75 μg/kg per minInodilator
Norepinephrine0.1–2 μg/kg per minInotrope; vasopressor
Sodium nitroprusside1–8 μg/kg per minVasodilator; prepare only in D5W
  • Alternative formula for calculating an infusion:

    infusion rate (mL/hour) = [weight (kg) × dose (μg/kg/min) × 60 (min/hour)]/concentration μg/mL)