Table 2.

Outcomes Measured for Different Screening Options*

Type of ScreeningNo ScreeningVoluntary ScreeningUniversal Screening
Expected costs$14 772 184$11 350 608$11 081 163
Cases of pediatric HIV104.644.840
Expected life-years of newborn (y)7 603 0277 607 0157 607 329
  • * The expected costs for each strategy, number of cases of perinatally HIV-infected children, and the number of life-years saved reflect costs, cases, and years per 100 000 pregnant women screened. Voluntary screening is set at 92.7% acceptance rate.