Table 3.

Number of Cocaine-Using and Control Mothers Who Used Other Substances

Substance Used*Cocaine
(n = 23)
Controls
(n = 23)
Cigarette smoking2020
Any alcohol use1512
Alcohol use throughout pregnancy73
Marijuana/hashish (any use)§ 92
Heroin (any use)§ 30
  • * Based on self-report, although use of cannabinoids and heroin after 20 weeks of gestation could be detected by meconium analysis.

  • Missing data for 2 of the 25 participants.

  • Missing data for 2 of the 25 participants.

  • § Cocaine, marijuana, hashish, and heroin were the only illicit substances reportedly used; heroin was used regularly by only 1 participant.