TABLE 1

Characteristics of Youth With Diabetes Aged ≥10 Years as of the SEARCH Study Visit: 2002–2005

CharacteristicsMale (N = 1281)Female (N = 1391)Total (N = 2672)
Age at study visit, n (%)
    10–12 y363 (28.3)392 (28.2)755 (28.3)
    13–15 y400 (31.2)433 (31.1)833 (31.2)
    16–18 y326 (25.5)352 (25.3)678 (25.4)
    ≥19 y192 (15.0)214 (15.4)406 (15.2)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)
    Non-Hispanic white905 (70.7)888 (63.8)1793 (67.1)
    Hispanic173 (13.5)192 (13.8)365 (13.7)
    Black102 (8.0)167 (12.0)269 (10.1)
    Other/unknown101 (7.9)144 (10.3)245 (9.2)
Highest parental education, n (%)
    Less than high school graduate66 (5.2)91 (6.6)157 (5.9)
    High school graduate or GED227 (18.0)271 (19.6)498 (18.8)
    Some college411 (32.5)467 (33.8)878 (33.2)
    Bachelor degree or more560 (44.3)552 (40.0)1112 (42.0)
Household income, n (%)
    $<25 000 US156 (12.2)244 (17.5)400 (15.0)
    $25 000–49 000 US262 (20.5)294 (21,1)556 (20.8)
    $50 000–74 000 US250 (19.5)271 (19.5)521 (19.5)
    ≥$75 000 US480 (37.5)441 (31.7)921 (34.5)
    Do not know/refused133 (10.4)141 (10.1)274 (10.3)
Household composition, n (%)
    2 parents785 (61.3)798 (57.4)1583 (59.4)
    1 parent426 (33.3)457 (32.9)883 (33.1)
    Other/unknown70 (5.5)136 (9.8)206 (7.7)
Health insurance, n (%)
Private insurance1016 (79.3)1050 (75.5)2066 (77.3)
    Medicaid178 (13.9)264 (19.0)442 (16.5)
    Other44 (3.4)35 (2.5)79 (3.0)
    None31 (2.4)35 (2.5)66 (2.5)
    Unknown/missing12 (0.9)7 (0.5)19 (0.7)
Overweight, n (%)207 (16.2)282 (20.3)489 (18.3)
Using psychiatric medications, n (%)72 (5.7)87 (6.4)159 (6.1)
Diabetes type, n (%)
    Type 11128 (88.1)1138 (81.8)2266 (84.8)
    Type 2133 (10.2)238 (17.1)371 (13.9)
    Other/unknown/missing20 (1.6)15 (1.1)35 (1.3)
Duration of diabetes, n (%)
    <6 mo91 (7.1)86 (6.2)177 (6.6)
    6 to <12 mo108 (8.4)106 (7.6)214 (8.0)
    1 to < 3 y331 (25.8)336 (24.2)667 (25.0)
    3 to < 6 y325 (25.4)350 (25.2)675 (25.3)
    ≥6 y426 (33.3)513 (36.9)939 (35.1)
HbA1c %, mean ± SD8.4 ± 1.88.5 ± 1.98.4 ± 1.9
Any comorbid conditions, n (%)a332 (25.9)351 (25.2)683 (25.6)
DKA episodes, mean (±SD)b0.32 (2.0)0.40 (3.0)0.36 (2.6)
Percent any DKA episodes12.812.612.7
Hypoglycemic episodes, mean (± SD)b0.33 (1.9)0.37 (2.4)0.35 (2.2)
Percent any hypoglycemic episodes11.09.810.4
Hospitalizations, mean (±SD)b0.08 (0.3)0.20 (0.9)0.14 (0.7)
Percent any hospitalizations6.49.88.2
ED visits, mean (±SD)b0.25 (0.6)0.41 (1.1)0.34 (0.9)
Percent any ED visits19.423.821.7
  • Percentages may not sum to 100% as a result of rounding. GED indicates general educational development diploma.

  • a Comorbid conditions include kidney disease, celiac disease, hypertension, asthma, and polycystic ovarian syndrome.

  • b Acute health care visits and events (DKA and hypoglycemia episodes, hospitalizations, and ED visits) are reported only for youth who had diabetes for at least 1 year, n = 2281 (1199 females and 1082 males).