Table 1.

Characteristics of Children (N = 2126)

Index Children With InterviewPreschool Children
Completed Chart ReviewNo Chart Review or IncompleteP Values
Number2126694597
Mean age at enrollment (y)   5.2  2.6  2.4.09
Demographic characteristics
 Region
  New York City  15% 12% 20%<.001
  New York City suburbs  23 26 23
  Upstate-urban  33 30 40
  Upstate-rural  29 32 17
 Male  52% 52% 52%.76
 Race
  White  83% 85% 81%.21
  Black   5  4  6
  Asian/Pacific Islander   3  3  5
  Other/unknown   9  8  8
 Hispanic   7%  6%  7%.57
 Two adults in household  74% 79% 79%.96
 At least 1 parent completed high school  92% 93% 93%.83
 Parents working
  One  40% 44% 46%.69
  Both  53 51 49
 Percent of federal poverty level
  0%–99%  26% 23% 27%.50
  100%–159%  38 39 35
  160%–222%  19 20 20
  >222%   4  5  5
  Unknown  13 13 14
Insurance characteristics
 Ever insured  69% 66% 60%.04
 Ever insured by Medicaid  31% 31% 24%.01
 Insurance just before CHPlus*
  Uninsured  31% 34% 40%.05
  Underinsured  18 15 17
  Medicaid  25 27 21
  Fully insured  26 24 23
 Gap in insurance before CHPlus
  None (insured)  50% 45% 39%.04
  1–5 mo   3  4  6
  6–11 mo   2  3  5
  12+ mo  45 48 50
 Type of CHPlus plan
  Indemnity  30% 34% 17%<.001
  Staff-model  21 25 19
  Individual practice association-model  49 41 65
Parental attitudes
 Satisfied with CHPlus  98% 98% 98%.44
 Change in care with CHPlus
  Improved  32% 29% 29%.38
  No change  62 63 63
  Worse   2  3  3
  Other/missing   5  5  7
 Change in health status with CHPlus
  Improved  28% 25% 23%.42
  No change  66 66 68
  Worse   3  4  3
  Other/missing   4  5  6
  • * Insurance just before CHPlus being uninsured means that the child never had health insurance (31% of index children). Underinsured includes plans, such as indemnity plans, that did not cover preventive services.