TABLE 2.

Summary of Neurologic Outcome at 1 Year of Age (n = 89)

n (%)
Overall outcome
    Favorable (normal/mild abnormality)64 (72)
    Poor (moderate/marked abnormality)25 (28)
Abnormal neurologic examination48 (54)
    Mild23 (26)
    Moderate5 (6)
    Severe20 (22)
Features of neurologic abnormality
    Abnormal head growth22 (25)
        Macrocephaly1 (1)
        Microcephaly19 (21)
        Failing head growth2 (2)
    Motor impairment47 (53)
        Abnormal motor examination41 (46)
            Spastic quadriparesis14 (16)
            Dystonic quadriparesis6 (7)
            Hypotonic quadriparesis5 (6)
            Spastic hemiparesis8 (9)
            Spastic diparesis8 (9)
    Gross motor delay (normal examination)6 (7)
    Visual impairment8 (9)
        Mild6 (7)
        Severe2 (2)
Cognitive function, MDI in BSID-II (median: 88; range: 49–115)
    Mental impairment (MDI < 85)34 (48)
    Mild mental impairment (MDI 70–84)15 (21)
    Marked mental impairment (MDI < 70)19 (27)
Seizures after NICU discharge19 (21)