Table 1.

Group Comparisons

CharacteristicBottle (n = 47)Cup (n= 51)Breast (n = 25)
Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)
Gestational age (wk)39.9 (39.6, 40.2)39.7 (39.4, 40.0)39.8 (39.4, 40.2)
Apgar (5 minutes)8.9 (8.8, 9.0)8.9 (8.8, 9.0)9.0 (8.9, 9.2)
Birth weight (g)3434.5 (3281.2, 3587.8)3439.0 (3292.7, 3585.3)3497.2 (3354.8, 3639.6)
n(%)n (%)n (%)
Sex
 Male25 (53.2%)26 (51.0%)12 (48.0%)
 Female22 (46.8%)25 (49.0%)13 (52.0%)
Vaginal delivery29 (61.7%)33 (64.7%)20 (80.0%)
Anesthesia/analgesia for labor or delivery >38 (80.9%)* 44 (86.3%)*25 (100.0%) 
  • * P < .05 referent to the breastfed group.