TABLE 1

Medication Dosing Protocols

AgentDoseMaximumAdjuvant Agents
PentobarbitalIV: 1–3 mg/kg100 mgMidazolam, Fentanyl
PropofolLoading: 1–2 mg/kgTitrated to effectNone
Infusion: 3–9 mg/kg per h
Additional: 0.5–1 mg/kg
KetamineInitial dose: 1–2 mg/kgTitrated to effectMidazolam
Additional: 0.5–1 mg/kg
FentanylIV: 1–2 μg/kg50 μg per doseMidazolam
MidazolamOral: 0.5 mg/kg12 mg, 8 mgNone
IV: 0.1–0.4 mg/kg
Chloral hydrate (oral)Initial: 50 mg/kg1 gNone
Additional: 25 mg/kg
  • IV indicates intravenous.