TABLE 3

Fixed-Effects Results for Estimations of Evaluation and Treatment Intensity

βSEP > t
Clinical characteristics
    Very ill.923.122.000
    Moderately ill.688.036.000
    Patient age−.014.001.000
    Highest temperature23.3493.246.000
    Highest temperature, squared−.294.042.000
    Maternal risk factor.120.048.012
Nonclinical patient characteristics
    Black.013.063.831
    Asian American−.034.107.753
    Other race−.119.057.036
    Hispanic.127.055.022
    HMO.065.044.136
    Medicaid.150.046.001
    Other insurance.109.113.336
    Self-pay insurance.048.090.594
Provider and practice characteristics
    Provider age−.002.003.422
    Provider gender male−.018.048.712
    Solo or 2-person practice.934.456.041
    Group pediatric practice−.2871.138.801
    Multispecialty practice.223.910.807
    Nurse practitioner−.078.122.524
    Physician assistant−.035.090.700
Region
    Urban, inner city1.617.454.000
    Northeast.559.738.449
    South−1.5221.174.195
    West−1.2551.148.274