Table 13.

Deaths and Death Rates for the Five Leading Causes of Childhood Death in Specified Age Groups in 1998: United States, Final 1979 and 1997, and Preliminary 1998

Cause of Death and AgeRank*199819971979Percent Change
1979–1998
NumberPercentRateNumberPercentRateNumberPercentRate
Total: 1–19 y
 All causes26 522100.035.927 834100.038.040 339100.058.1−38.2
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)111 32242.715.311 97943.016.421 72753.931.3−51.1
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)2  300711.34.1  345012.44.7  28997.24.2−2.4
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)3  20817.82.8  21707.83.0  32718.14.7−40.4
 Suicide (E950–E959)4  20207.62.7  21097.62.9  19404.82.8−3.6
 Congenital anomalies (740–759)5  10013.81.4  12534.51.7  18994.72.7−48.1
1–4 y
 All causes  5195100.034.2  5501100.035.8  8108100.064.2−46.7
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1  188136.212.4  200536.413.1  334941.326.5−53.2
 Congenital anomalies (740–759)2   53110.23.5   58910.73.8  102112.68.1−56.8
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)3   3687.12.4   3756.82.4   3143.92.5−4.0
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)4   3556.82.3   4388.02.9   5787.14.6−50.0
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)5   1983.81.3   2123.91.4   2653.32.1−38.1
5–9 y
 All causes  3498100.017.6  3645100.018.5  5278100.031.1−43.4
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1  148742.57.5  153442.17.8  270751.316.0−53.1
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)2   48613.92.4   54715.02.8   79115.04.7−48.9
 Congenital anomalies (740–759)3   1995.71.0   2236.11.1   2895.51.7−41.2
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)4   1534.40.8   1744.80.9   1653.11.0−20.0
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)5   1444.10.7   1283.50.6   1192.30.70.0
10–14 y
 All causes  4202100.021.8  4416100.023.2  5868100.031.8−31.4
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1  162738.78.5  183741.69.6  298250.816.2−47.5
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)2   53912.82.8   48310.92.5   76113.04.1−31.7
 Suicide (E950–E959)3   3117.41.6   3036.91.6   151§2.60.8100.0
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)4   2706.41.4   2836.41.5   229§3.91.2−16.7
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)5   1603.80.8   1854.21   170§2.90.9−11.1
15–19 y
 All causes13 627100.069.714 272100.074.821 085100.098.8−29.5
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1  632746.432.4  660346.334.612 68960.259.4−45.5
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)2  221616.311.3  261818.313.7  219110.410.39.7
 Suicide (E950–E959)3  170212.58.7  180212.69.5  17888.58.43.6
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)4   7015.13.6   7024.93.7  11415.45.3−32.1
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)5   3792.81.9   4172.92.2   3951.91.90.0
  • * Rank based on number of deaths for 1998.

  • Rate per 100 000 population in specified group.

  • In 1997, malignant neoplasms was the third and homicide was the fourth leading cause of death for children 1 to 4 years old, and congenital anomalies was the fifth leading cause for children 10 to 14 years old.

  • § In 1979, congenital anomalies was the third leading cause of death for children 10 to 14 years old with a total of 289 deaths and a death rate of 1.6; homicide was ranked the fourth, suicide sixth, and diseases of heart fifth.