Table 12.

Mortality from Selected Causes of Death: United States, Final 1979 and 1997, and Preliminary 1998

Causes of Death and International Classification of Diseases, 9th RevisionCodesRank*199819971979Percent Change
in Age-adjusted
Rate, 1979–1998
NumberPercentRateNumberPercentRateNumberPercentRate
All causes2 338 075100.0470.72 314 245100.0479.11 913 841100.0577.0−18.4
Major cardiovascular diseases (390–448)939 610 40.2160.4944 14840.8166.1958 28250.1254.2−36.9
 Diseases of heart (309–398, 402, 404–429)1724 269 31.0126.0726 97431.4130.5733 23538.3199.5−36.8
 Cerebrovascular diseases (430–438)3158 060 6.825.0159 7916.925.9169 4888.941.6−39.9
Malignant neoplasms (140–208)2538 947 23.1122.9539 57723.3125.6403 39521.1130.8−6.0
 Digestive system (150–159)127 685 5.527.9127 0545.528.2109 1255.733.1−15.7
 Respiratory system (160–165)159 207 6.838.2158 4656.838.7103 1785.435.28.5
 Breast (174–175)41 862 1.810.242 2971.810.534 6221.812.2−16.4
 Genital organs (179–187)58 097 2.511.659 0102.512.045 4022.413.6−14.7
 Urinary organs (188–189)23 722 1.05.023 3951.05.017 4430.95.2−3.8
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (490–496)4114 381 4.921.6109 0294.721.149 9332.614.647.9
Pneumonia and influenza (480–487)594 828 4.113.586 4493.712.945 0302.411.220.5
Diabetes mellitus (250)764 574 2.813.662 6362.713.533 1921.79.838.8
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (571)1024 936 1.17.125 1751.17.429 7201.612.0−40.8
Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis (580–589)926 295 1.14.525 3311.14.415 7290.84.34.7
Infectious and parasitic diseases (001–139)50 880 2.212.752 3712.313.715 3600.85.0§154.0
 Tuberculosis (010–018)1110 0.00.211660.10.320070.10.7−71.4
 Septicemia (038)23 643 1.04.422 3961.04.280240.42.391.3
 HIV infection (*042–*044)13 210 0.64.616 5160.75.8
 Viral hepatitis (070)4729 0.21.440570.21.27530.00.3366.7
Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)693 207 4.028.595 6444.130.1105 3125.542.9−33.6
 Motor vehicle accidents (E810–E825)41 826 1.815.043 4581.915.953 5242.823.2−35.3
 All other accidents (E800–E807, E826–E949)51 382 2.213.552 1862.314.251 7882.719.6−31.1
Suicide (E950–E959)829 264 1.310.030 5351.310.627 2061.411.7−14.5
Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)17 350 0.76.919 8460.98.022 5501.210.2−32.4
Certain perinatal conditions (760–779)13 133 0.6333.012 9350.6333.323 3221.2667.4−50.1
  • * Rank based on 1998 data. Ranking is shown for ten leading causes only. For an explanation of ranking procedures, see Technical Appendix in Vital Statistics of the United States, Vol. II, Mortality Part A (published annually).

  • Age-adjusted death rate per 100 000 US standard population.

  • Two separate sets of weights were applied to mortality records—one for demographic, and one for cause of death data, resulting in slight inconsistencies in the number of deaths betweenTables 1 and 12.

  • § Excludes HIV infection.

  • Because deaths from this cause occur primarily among infants, infant deaths, and mortality rates per 100 000 live births attributable to this cause are shown.

    — Indicates comparable data are not available for this time period.

    Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, 1979–1998.