Table 10.

Infant Deaths and IMRs for the 10 Leading Causes of Infant Death in 1998: United States, Final 1979 and 1997, and Preliminary 1998

Cause of Death and International Classification of Diseases, 9th RevisionCodesRank*199819971979Percent Change
1979–1998
NumberPercentRateNumberPercentRateNumberPercentRate
All causes28 488100.0722.328 045100.022.645 665100.01306.8−44.7
Congenital anomalies (740–759)1  626622.0158.9  617822.059.2  892319.5255.4−37.8
Disorders relating to short gestation and unspecified low birth weight (765)2  401114.1101.7  392514.0101.1  34957.7100.01.7
Sudden infant death syndrome (798.0)3  25298.964.1  299110.777.1  527911.6151.1−57.6
Respiratory distress syndrome (769)4  13284.733.7  13014.633.5  545812.0156.2−78.4
Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy (761)4  13284.733.7  12444.432.1  16213.546.4−27.4
Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord, and membranes (762)6   9323.323.6   9603.424.7   9702.127.8−15.1
Infections specific to the perinatal period (771)7   8152.920.7   7772.820.0   9812.128.1−26.3
Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)8   7262.518.4   7652.719.7  10802.430.9−40.5
Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia (768)9   4591.611.6   4521.611.6  13933.139.9−70.9
Pneumonia and influenza (480–487)10   4001.410.1   4211.510.8  11292.532.3−68.7
  • * Rank based on number of deaths.

  • Rate per 100 000 live births.