Table 2.

χ2 and ANOVA Comparison of TV Viewing Habits Variables and CSHQ Subscale Mean Scores, PS Children vs Nonproblem Children by Subscale Score 1 SD > Mean

Television Variables
(Dichotomized)
PS Children Sleep Subscales—(1 SD > Mean)
Bedtime
Resistance
Sleep Onset
Delay
Sleep
Duration
Sleep
Anxiety
Night
Wakings
Daytime
Sleepiness
ParasomniasTotal Sleep
Disturbance
TQ
Average weekday hours of television viewed (0–2 vs 2+)χ2  = 5.91 * χ2 = 5.94** NSχ2 = 6.20 * χ2 = 14.06 2-165 NSNSχ2 = 4.61 ** χ2 = 3.52 (P = .06)
Television as preferred activity (no/yes)NSNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
Number of television rules (0–1 vs 2+)χ2 = 3.22 (P = .07) NSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
Television in child's bedroom (no/yes)χ2 = 3.41 (P = .06) χ2 = 5.34 ** χ2 = 6.02 * NSNSNSNSχ2 = 4.85 ** NS
Use of television as sleep aid (no/yes)χ2 = 26.07 2-165 χ2 = 24.60 2-165 χ2 = 13.77 2-165 χ2 = 13.26 2-165 NSNSNSχ2 = 25.93 2-165 NS
Bedtime television viewing scale score (≤1 SD vs >1 SD above mean)χ2 = 11.97 2-165 χ2 = 15.032-165 χ2 = 9.12 * χ2 = 6.74 * χ2 = 5.42 ** NSNSχ2 = 11.06 2-165 NS
Television effect on sleep (negative/neutral/positive) F = 5.86 *, NSNS F = 4.00 **,§ NSNS F = 7.25 2-165, F = 10.972-165, NS
Violent content television (≤1 SD vs >1 SD above mean)NSNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
  • * P ≤ .05.

  • ** P ≤ .01.

  • F2-165 P ≤ .001.

  • indicates trend, (.05 < P < .10).

    NS = non-significant.

    1 All analyses were also performed for subscale scores 2 SD > mean. Results in bold were also significant for the 2 SD > mean subscale score definition of PS.

  • Tukey's Post Hoc Analysis: Neg > Neutral, P< 0.01.

  • § Tukey's Post Hoc Analysis: Neg > Neutral, P= .01.

  • Tukey's Post Hoc Analysis: Neg > Neutral, P< .001.

  • Tukey's Post Hoc Analysis: Neg > Neutral, P< .001; Neg > Positive, P < .01.