TABLE 3.

Colonization by Candida Species in the 2 Groups

ColonizationOverallGroup AGroup BRR95% CIP
Total no. of cultures obtained368519011784.20
Total no. (%) of fungal isolates obtained from cultures351 (9.5)275 (14.4)76 (4.2)0.3420.253–0.705<.0001
Mean no. of isolates from each colonized patient2.22.61.20.3440.205–0.770<.0001
Overall colonization (at least 1 site), n (%)159/465 (34.2)105/240 (43.8)54/225 (24.0)0.4060.273–0.605<.0001
Incidence of “baseline” colonization, n (%)20/465 (4.3)9/240 (3.7)11/225 (4.9).15
Colonization in ELBW neonates, n (%)60/129 (46.5)41/57 (71.9)19/72 (26.4)0.1400.064–0.305<.0001
Colonization in NE-VLBW neonates, n (%)99/336 (29.5)64/183 (35.0)35/153 (22.2)0.5500.340–0.895.01
Colonization low grade (1–2 sites), n (%)139/465 (29.8)91/240 (38.0)48/225 (21.3)0.5800.405–0.844.008
Colonization high grade (3–4 sites), n (%)20/465 (4.3)14/240 (5.8)6/225 (2.6)0.4020.191–0.895.01
High-grade/low-grade colonization ratio, n (%)0.140.160.120.5960.201–0.824.01
Colonization in low-risk sites, n (%)100/465 (27.5)59/240 (24.5)41/225 (18.2)0.5710.452–1.086.09
Colonization in high-risk sites, n (%)59/465 (10.5)46/240 (19.2)13/225 (5.8)0.3050.226–0.602<.0001
High-risk/low-risk colonization ratio, n (%)0.590.770.320.3550.245–0.602.004