TABLE 4.

Unadjusted and Adjusted ORs for Suboptimal Functioning 9 Months After Injury by Key Indicators (Gender, Age, Hospitalization, External Cause, Injury Type, Multiple Injury)

DeterminantsPatients, %*Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
GenderP < .05
    Boy4611
    Girl542.9 (1.0–9.9)3.0 (1.0–11.0)
Age
    5–82411
    9–11182.1 (0.6–10.5)0.3 (0.1–1.0)
    12–14582.4 (0.7–10.5)0.4 (0.1–1.6)
HospitalizationP < .05P < .05
    Not admitted7411
    1–3 d235.4 (1.4–17.2)5.8 (1.3–20.9)
    ≥4 d33.1 (1.2–14.7)3.6 (1.1–18.9)
External cause
    Traffic injury152.4 (0.8–7.4)2.0 (0.6–6.7)
    Other injury8511
    Type of injury
    Head injury102.9 (0.0–138.2)2.1 (0.4–130)
    Facial injury112.1 (0.0–19.3)1.7 (0.0–20.1)
    Upper extremity fractures251.5 (0.0–72.6)1.3 (0.1–65.3)
    Lower extremity fractures113.4 (0.04–101.6)2.7 (0.5–89.2)
    Dislocation extremity injury103.0 (0.0–72.6)3.1 (0.4–74.3)
    Internal organ injury10.1 (0.0–1.0)0.0 (0.0–0.6)
    Minor external injuries1211
    Other injury207.1 (0.8–2021.6)6.0 (0.5–1971.6)
Multiple injury§
    111211
    275.9 (0.1–19.0)2.2 (0.1–17.5)
  • Suboptimal functioning was defined as having limitations for at least 1 of the 5 EQ-5D dimensions.

  • * Percentage of patients after correction for nonresponse and stratification.

  • ORs are adjusted for hospitalization (gender, age, external cause, type of injury, multiple injury) or gender (hospitalization).

  • Consists of spinal cord injury, injury of nerves, whiplash, open wounds, poisoning.

  • § Only 1 patient with ≥3 injuries had limitations after 9 months, with an OR of 11 (0.0–29.8).