Table 2.

Medical History Categories

DescriptionNPercent Having
IV Placed
Other respiratory (eg, cystic fibrosis, tracheostomy, or bronchopulmonary dysplasia)911.1
Renal (eg, renal failure or renal transplant)1513.3
Cardiac (eg, congenital heart disease other than isolated atrial or ventricular septal defect or
mitral valve prolapse; dysrhythmia; prolonged QT; or presence of pacemaker)
16 *31.3
Oncologic22 *31.8
HIV infection6 *33.0
Endocrine/Metabolic (eg, diabetes mellitus, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, or inborn
errors of metabolism)
20 *35.0
Other28 *35.7
Other neurologic (eg, ventriculoperitoneal shunt, muscular dystrophy, or myopathies, hemiplegias)52 *36.5
Gastrointestinal (eg, liver transplant, inflammatory bowel disease, cyclic vomiting; not to include
constipation, chronic abdominal pain, or gastroesophageal reflux)
22 *54.5
Hematologic (eg, sickle cell disease, hemophilia, or any cytopenia)45 *55.6
Recent tonsillectomy4 *75.0
  • * Considered as high-risk medical history.